Want to know more about the characteristics of students attending Michigan schools? Interested in how different groups of Michigan students are performing? Student subgroup information reported by school districts in the Michigan Student Data System is available in numerous reports on MI School Data. Subgroup data are included in reports featuring information on state testing, early childhood program participation, postsecondary outcomes and more. Data are broken down based on the categories below. Select reports allow users to compare multiple subgroups at once, such as male and female, while others allow combinations of subgroups such as race/ethnicity by gender. To view all the reports on MI School Data that contain data for a subgroup of interest, search using the subgroup name in the search tool or use the “view reports” links below to view prepopulated search results.

Early Middle College

Early Middle College is a Michigan Department of Education approved five-year program of study. The program is designed to allow a student to earn a high school diploma and one of the following: 60 transferable college credits, an associate degree, a professional certification, the Michigan Early Middle College Association technical certificate, or the right to participate in a registered apprenticeship.

Economically Disadvantaged

Economically disadvantaged students include those who have been determined to be eligible for free or reduced-price meals via locally gathered and approved family applications under the National School Lunch program, are in households receiving food (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) or cash (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) assistance, are homeless, are migrant, are in foster care, or, beginning in 2017-18, certain Medicaid eligible children. When any of these conditions are present, a student is considered economically disadvantaged.

English Learners

English Learners are students who speak a language other than English as their primary language and who have difficulty speaking, reading, writing or understanding English.

Foster Care

If the student was in foster care at any point during the school year, they are reported in the foster care subgroup.


Students are reported in the data as either male or female.


Individuals who lack a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence are reported as homeless students. The definition and guidelines come from the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.

Military Connected

A military connected student has at least one parent who is a member of the Armed Forces on active duty. Students can be reported as military connected at any point during the school year.

Migrant Students

Students whose families have moved within the previous 36 months to obtain temporary or seasonal work in agriculture or fishing are considered migrant students. Students are identified in this subgroup if they identified as migrant eligible for the selected school year in the Migrant Education Data System.


Race and ethnicity are reported based on the U.S. Department of Education guidelines. The CEPI website contains additional resources on race and ethnicity data reporting.

Students with Disabilities

Students with one or more specific impairments that require special education or related services and who have an Individual Education Plan are reported as students with disabilities.

Additional Resources